Isolation and Quarantine

Isolation & Quarantine Guidance

Isolation and Quarantine Recommendation Chart


Tested positive or are a close contact? Check out these helpful tips.

ISOLATION  

  • Any individual who tests positive for COVID-19 and/or displays COVID-19 symptoms (without an alternate diagnosis or negative COVID-19 test) should isolate regardless of vaccination status: 
    • Isolate at home for the first 5 days (starting with the day after symptoms began or day after test was taken for those without symptoms); and
    • If symptoms have improved or no symptoms developed, return to normal activities, while wearing a well-fitted mask, for the next 5 days to protect others. 

AND

  • If individual has a fever, stay home until fever free for a period of 24 hours without the use of fever reducing medications before returning to normal activities while wearing a well-fitted mask, until the 10-day period is complete.

OR

  • Isolate at home for 10 days if unwilling/unable to wear a mask.

 NOTIFICATION OF CONTACTS

  • Individuals who test positive for COVID-19 should also notify others whom they had contact with during the time they were contagious (beginning 2 days before symptoms started or testing positive if no symptoms are present). 
  • Prioritize notification of individuals who are personal/household contacts* and immunocompromised or high-risk individuals.
  • Individuals exposed would then follow the below guidance on QUARANTINE. 

QUARANTINE 

Quarantine guidance may be adjusted to respond to and control outbreaks within unique settings as needed. Local communities and individuals should work with their local health departments for outbreak response and follow additional quarantine recommendations as situations dictate to maintain a safer environment for community members. 

  • Individual is exposed to someone who is positive for COVID-19 and:
     
    1. Exposure is to a personal/household contact*: 
      • Conduct symptom monitoring for 10 days; and 
      • Test at least one time if possible 3-7 days after exposure and if symptoms develop; and 
      • Wear a well-fitting mask for 10 days from the date of last exposure to protect others (home quarantine is an alternative for those who are unable or unwilling to mask); and 
      • Avoid unmasked activities or activities with higher risk of exposing vulnerable individuals** for 10 days from the date of last exposure
    2. Exposure is to other type of contact (from a community, social or work setting)
      • Conduct symptom monitoring for 10 days; and
      • Test if symptoms develop; and
      • Consider wearing a well-fitting mask around others for 10 days from the date of last exposure to protect others. At a minimum, wear a mask in settings with higher risk of exposing vulnerable individuals

 *Personal/Household contacts include individuals you share living spaces with, including bedrooms, bathrooms, living room and kitchens. It also includes those who live together, sleep over, carpool or have direct exposure to respiratory secretions from a positive individual (e.g. kissing, sharing drinks, changing diapers, etc…). This would include exposure in childcare settings for those under 2 years of age. 

 **Activities with higher risk of exposing vulnerable individuals may include activities where you cannot mask, interactions with those who are immunocompromised or other high-risk individuals, and social/recreational activities in congregate settings. 

ROLE OF LOCAL POLICIES 

There may be local isolation & quarantine guidance, policies and/or orders from local health departments, organizations, and/or school districts that must be followed. Policies established by event organizers and businesses may be instituted to fit the specific needs of their customers and should be followed. 

Isolation & Quarantine During Future Phases

In the current Recovery phase, Michiganders have many effective tools including vaccination, therapeutics, masking, and access to over-the-counter tests, which can help mitigate spread, along with isolation & quarantine guidance. Recommendations regarding isolation and quarantine may change as conditions evolve – such changes could include the presence of a new variant that increases the risk to the public, or an increased number of cases that strains the healthcare system. 

MDHHS continues to recommend the use of layered mitigation strategies for Michiganders:

  • Get vaccinated against COVID-19. Michiganders should get up to date on their COVID-19 vaccine. Learn more about vaccines and when you’re up to date at Michigan.gov/COVIDVaccine
  • Therapeutics. After testing positive for COVID-19, individuals who are unvaccinated, high risk and/or are immunocompromised should talk to their doctors about whether they meet eligibility criteria for antibody or antiviral treatment to help with their recovery. Learn more about COVID-19 Therapeutics
  • Isolation and Quarantine. Staying away from others when you are sick or were recently exposed to COVID-19 are important tools to preventing further spread of the virus. Learn more about what happens when you have or are exposed to COVID-19
  • Get tested if you are exposed or have symptoms. Anyone with signs or symptoms of COVID-19 should get tested regardless of vaccination status or prior infection. Testing before large or crowded indoor gatherings provides an additional layer of protection. Find a test site at Michigan.gov/CoronavirusTest. Take additional steps to protect yourself and others. For additional guidance on mitigation strategies see How to Protect Yourself and Others. 
  • Mask Up to protect others. Using a well-fitted mask during isolation and quarantine can greatly reduce the chance of spreading COVID-19 to others. Learn more about correct use of masking, understanding personal and household risk and current guidance at Coronavirus – Mask Up, Michigan